HISTORY OF TATABÁNYA
1. HISTORY OF THE CITY
Tatabánya, which is the most highly populated city in our county with its 72 000 people was founded in 1947 by the unifi cation of four settlements: Alsógalla, Bánhida, Felsőgalla and Tatabánya. In 1950 the city became the seat of county Komárom. In 1991 it received the title of county rank. The city is 14 kilometres long and is situated on an area of 91 square kilometres between the Vértes and Gerecse mountains, which are part of the Transdanubian Mountains. The city is a road hub on railroads, and is situated next to motorway M1 and the international railway line between Budapest and Vienna.The Tatabánya basin is rich in natural capital. It is slashed with creeks, springs and mountains, so it has offered an ideal place of living for mankind since the beginnings. The area has been inhabited since the Palaeolithic age. The most important archeological site is the Szelim cave above the city. In the neighbouring village of Vértesszőlős the almost half a million years old remains of prehistoric man were found. There are several legends connected to the pre-settlements of Tatabánya from the period of the Hungarian Conquest. The belief about the story of the battle near Bánhida was strengthened by the Turul monument on the top of Kő Hill and by the large-size painting of Árpád Feszty about the combat. The archaeological fi ndings can be seen in the permanent exhibition of the City Museum. Since the foundation of royal authority in Hungary the historic settlements of Tatabánya have been in integral relation with some of the highlights of Hungarian history. The “Old Road”—as mentioned in the descriptions by Mátyás Bél—, the so-called butchers’ road served as a very important trade route for centuries. Beeves were exported on this road from the Great Hungarian Plains – or from farther – to the Western-European markets. All the three pre-settlements of Tatabánya were along this road. These settlements are also mentioned in the early historical sources. Galla is mentioned in a charter dating back to 1251. Two Galla settlements are listed in another charter from 1440: Kisgalya (Small Galla) and Galya maior (Big Galla). The fi rst written reminiscence about Bánhida is in a royal charter dating back to 1288. After the battle at Mohács the Ottoman armies devastated this area, too. The people either fl ed away or got into Ottoman captivity. The owners of the land changed frequently. Tata and Kő Hill Archaeological Site of the Preshistoric man in Vértesszőlős 60 years old city — history of a millennium its adherent settlements were bought by count József Esterházy in 1727, and the manor of Tata-Gesztes, which incorporated Alsógalla, Bánhida and Felsőgalla, was born. The new landlord started his reign by settling people in order to populate the abandoned villages. In 1785, at the time of the fi rst census in Hungary, there were 2566 people living in the three villages. The inhabitants of the two Galla villages were German, the population of Bánhida was Slovakian in two thirds. A fundamental change of the three settlements and their neighbourhood was brought about by the appearance of coalmining at the end of the 19th century. It has totally changed the previous life and image of the settlements. After 1896, when the first wagon of coal was mined and coalmining capacity started to grow, the Hungarian General Coalmining Shareholding Company set up a stable and diverse economy. The development of mining brought forth the separate settlement of Tatabánya in 1902, after the turn of the 19th century. The economic boom brought about changes in the population, the life-style, the buildings and the cultural life of the city, too. By 1940 the former mine camp became one of the most signifi cant industrial centres in North-Transdanubia, where the factories employed 10 000 workers and provided a living for almost 30 000 people, thereby establishing the “Hungarian Ruhr” region.
When the workers’ colonies were formed, the former settlements were almost joined. Their unifi cation was justifi ed by both economic and administrative reasons. The nationalisation of mines accelerated this process. By 1947, when Tatabánya became a city with the unifi cation of four villages, it was already an outstanding Hungarian centre of mining and heavy industry. The mines in Tatabánya yielded two thirds of the national coal-production. The donation of county rank to Tatabánya gave new impetus to the development of the city. Housing estates were built one after the other, which was also demanded by the further industrialisation of the area. The industry-developing policy of the 50’s and 60’s called for the growth of coal production in Tatabánya. During these years the area was exposed to a third settling wave in its history. The mining company employed 15-17 000 workers at its peak, and there was no family in the city, which did not have any 3 Turul by Gyula Donáth The battle at Bánhida by Árpád Feszty 60 years old city — history of a millennium 4 ties with coal mining.The development of the city centre began in 1950, and it was continued with great enthusiasm in the 60’s. However, besides the construction of new city districts, the old colonies built at the beginning of the 20th century had to be demolished because of the effects of undermining. The coal reserves of the old Tatabánya coalfi eld were exhausted and the mines were closed. For some years the extraction of coal continued in the Eocene mines outside the county. Presently the Open-Air Mining Museum of Tatabánya—which is situated in the area of shaft No. XV.—commemorates the 26 shafts and the 5 opencast mines which used to operate in Tatabánya. Following the political change the establishment of market economy called for structural changes in the local economy. After 110 years coal mining and the heavy industrial sectors based on it collapsed.The local government answered the challenges of the social economical changes of the fall of the old regime in 1989 by conceptual city-development policy, planned economic development and an active contribution of the citizens. It resulted in the rejuvenation of the local economy. Several companies, factories settled in Tatabánya, thousands of jobs were created, and now Tatabánya is referred to as the most dynamically developing cities in Hungary. The 60 years old city with its past of more than a thousand years is not a typical settlement that developed through centuries. It is unique because everything is visible that infl uenced social development in the “Hungarian reality” of the 20th century. Our city was born in the 20th century, so it is the mirror and the city of the century. Tatabánya is an interesting, exciting city that changes continuously, and its sights raise the attention of the visitors.
2. DISTRICTS OF THE TOWN
We arrive almost abruptly from the ten-storey buildings of Újváros into the nice garden-district of Al sógalla. The village was destroyed under the Turkish occupation. Even Mátyás Bél refers to it as wasteland. In the 18th century Count József Eszterháy settled poor German Catholic farmers in the empty settlement mainly from the area of Alsace, Wüttemberg, Bavaria, Würzburg and Bamberg. It was basically animal husbandry and fruit-growing that played a very important role in their agricultural production. Most fruit trees were in Alsógalla while their fruits were sold at the market in Tata. The beginning of coal mining accelerated the development of the village. The mining site belonged administratively to Alsógalla till 1902. Several new terraced houses were built recently next to the typical “old” houses of Alsógalla, and some of the old houses were reconstructed. There is a Roman Catholic Church of baroque Saint Gál Church View of Alsógalla 60 years old city — history of a millennium 6 style and a World War II memorial on the renewed square of the former main street of the district, which still serves as the main street of the city. In the neighbourhood there is a cultural centre, which houses the local festivals and the traditions of the German minority. Another highlight of the district is the renewed Cross and the 14 Stations.
In 1733, when the Ottoman occupation destroyed the settlement, József Eszterházy settled catholic people from the German provinces into the village. Felsőgalla was not rebuilt in the same place but slightly south-east from the old settlement. After the opening of the mines the development of the village accelerated. However, it preserved its old image for a long time after the unifi cation as the main construction projects did not have an effect on it. In the last couple of years several new houses were built here. The older houses were renewed mainly along the present main street of the district, which leads to Budapest. The Szent István street became an ornament of Felsőgalla with its Roman Catholic Church, the renewed House of Local Services, the World War I and II memorial in front of the cemetery gate, the statue of Saint Florian on the facade of a house, the new Szent István square and his sculpture. Its old main street, the Szent János street or the quarter of the craftsmen lost from its shine during the years but its unique atmosphere could be brought back by reconstructing the old shop-fronts and trade signs. The people of Felsőgalla safeguard their German traditions and it is not only the community centre and the school but also the main street of the district that provides place for the festivals. The Calvary in Alsógalla Szent István Street with the Sculpture Made by László Varkoly 60 years old city — history of a millennium 7
Bánhida, which became a town in the Middle Ages, was the biggest among the pre-settlements of Tatabánya as far as population and territory is concerned. Bánhida fell a victim to the Ottoman invasion, and in 1543 it was totally deserted. When count József Esterházy settled people in the neighbourhood, it was an inhabited area again. There were catholic Slovakian and protestant Hungarian people living here. Later in the following years another group of Slovakian settlers arrived. In 1848–49 the citizens of Bánhida supported the revolution of independence with their priest named József Fieba. The development of the settlement attracted many craftsmen in the second half of the 19th century. The beginning of mining also had a positive effect on the development of Bánhida. The “old” houses which represent the former image of the settlement are gone, but several detached and semi-detached houses were built. Its old main street was renewed. The highlights of the main street of Bánhida are the imposing Ro-World War Monument in Felsőgalla Promenade in „hatos telep” Roman Catholic Church in Bánhida 60 years old city — history of a millennium 8 man Catholic Church, the renewed Protestant Church, the former town hall, the monuments for the Revolution of Independence of 1848, the Industrial Skanzen or mining museum, the community centre and the parish hall, which preserves Slovakian traditions.The people in Alsógalla and Felsőgalla keep German cultural heritage, while the inhabitants of Bánhida preserve the Slovakian culture.
The city was named after Tatabánya, which evolved on the territory of Alsógalla when the mines were opened. In 1902 it became a separate village and in 1923 a civil parish. Several new industrial sites were built in a parallel fashion with mining on the mining estates. These estates were owned by the Hungarian General Coalmining Shareholding Company, and the population was booming there. After Tatabánya became a city the creation of its centre was planned in the city district of Újváros, and its construction began in 1950. Since there was a demand for a garden district the district of Kertváros (Garden City) was built in 1953. In 1956 Tatabánya consisted of six districts: Alsógalla, Felsőgalla, Bánhida, Tatabánya-Újváros, Tatabánya-Óváros and Kertváros and it ran along for more than ten kilometres at the feet of the mountains. Traditional Slovakian Costume from Bánhida Reformed Church in Bánhida 60 years old city — history of a millennium 9 From the 60’s on even more housing estates were established in Tatabánya where high blocks of fl ats were built. Besides the establishment of new districts the oldones were decaying due to the problems caused by undermining. A lot of unique and representative buildings became victims of this process (the Workers’ Cultural Centre, the houses of mining offi cers, the Clubhouse and the State Shopping Centre). Most buildings, which represent the mining heritage of the city and shape the image of the whole settlement, are in the district of Tatabánya- Óváros. Without these buildings, which refl ect the diversity of the city Tatabánya would not have its unique style and beauty. Such characteristic building is the Jászai Mari Theatre, the former casino of mining offi cers, the parkland, the Saint Parish Hall of Tatabánya World War I Monument in the Parkland 60 years old city — history of a millennium 10 Steven Church, the former parish hall of Tatabánya, the old building of the miners’ hospital or the sport facilities. There are also some industrial sites preserved which commemorate the past and heritage of mining, like the conveyor, the entrances of the incline shafts and the Industrial Skanzen. In Újváros the typical atmosphere of Tatabánya is provided by the standard houses built in the 50’s, the ornaments of the balconies, the main buildings built in social realistic style, the rare species of trees, the statues and monuments, the college, the library, the community centres, the City Museum, the Szent BorbálaSquare, the Csónakázó Lake in Sárberek, the Lapatári mill in Kertváros and the new Roman Catholic Church. These are all portions or complementary parts of our memories or the old buildings remaining from the pre-settlements and also those of the newly created values there. Saint Steven Church in Óváros The Old Miners’ Hospital Houses in Ótelep 60 years old city — history of a millennium
After the political change in 1989 a new political and economic environment was established. The economy had to adapt to the transition from social economy to market economy, the renewal of the economic structure and the challenges of globalisation. The consequences of the crisis, which were due to the changes, were different in both depth and intensity. The closure of the mines and the collapse of the heavy industry caused severe diffi culties in Tatabánya.Therefore, the aim of the economic development policy of the city was to establish a firm and diverse economic structure. This policy was fi rst of all based on the settlement of labour-intensive production so that the unemployment rate would be reduced signifi cantly. As a result of the successful and continuous structural changes there 11 The Power Plant in Bánhida View of the Industrial Park from Kertváros Mésztelep 60 years old city — history of a millennium 12 are also technologies present in the city by now, which represent more added value, moreover, we have the research and development sector present as well. The local government also paid great attention to the housing, sports and recreational facilities in order to develop Tatabánya into a city which offers both workplaces and a good standard of living. The Power Plant in Óváros Ventilation Shaft No. I/a 60 years old city — history of a millennium 13
Coal mining played a determining role in the life of the area. The Hungarian General Coalmining Shareholding Company gained the rights for mining in 1894 in this region. With the rise of the production service plants and colonies were established, and people settled down in the area.
Heavy industry was developing in an intensive way, and besides coal mining cement, aluminium and briquette production played a more determining role. In the 1920s Tatabánya was among the fi ve most dynamically developing areas of Europe. In 1947 with the unifi cation of Alsógalla, Felsőgalla, Bánhida and the industrial site of Tatabánya the city of Tatabánya was established. In the 60’s the heavy industrial character of the city was complemented by machine industry that created new working places and the establishment of factories, which had mainly women employees. By this time it became clear that the coal reserves of an estimated volume of 200 million tons were gradually diminishing and new mining areas had to be discovered. This process was aggravated by the energy-consuming and wasting economy of the 1970s, and the growing demand for coal due the oil crisis. Therefore, the so-called Eocene Programme was launched in the city and new coalfi elds were discovered. Thus, coal mining was prolonged for another 10-15 years in Tatabánya, but this fairly slowed down the process of the industrial structural change.
During the political change the process of the economic change speeded up due to and parallel with the effects of the economical and social changes. The previously leading industries like coal and bauxite mining, the open quarry, the cement and aluminium industries and the state-owned construction industry were closed gradually. The local 14 60 éves város — ezer éves múlt Entrance to an Incline Shaft The College for Modern Business Studies 60 years old city — history of a millennium 15 government realised that it had to set up a new economic strategy on its own. As a fi rst step labour-intensive branches were settled in the city to handle excessive unemployment. The technological (gas pipelines, telephone lines, sewage system, by-passes, industrial sites, modern landfi ll site, recultivation of degraded areas) and the human (College of Modern Business Studies, Economic Development Organisation) infrastructure was established. The local government defi ned the possible ways and tools of local economic development and established the fi rst Economic Development Organisation (GFSZ) in Hungary. The responsibilities of this non-profi t organisation range from the reception of investors, the creation and sustaining of workplaces, the promotion of public property utilisation to city marketing. Its effective co-operation with the authorities and the public utility companies enables the investors to get all the important facts and information about the city within a day. The establishment of the Industrial Park rendered it possible that suitable sites are available for the investors, but there are also other industrial areas in other parts of the city which offer good prospects. The Industrial Park 60 years old city — history of a millennium 16
Owing to the conscious developments and constructions in the past decade the most important goal of the economic development strategy of the local government was achieved in Tatabánya: a diverse economic structure in the city. There are signifi cant automotive suppliers like the American- German joint venture Suoftec, the Japanese AGC and Bridgestone operating in the Industrial Park. The well-known Danish pump manufacturer company of Grundfos and the other Danish company of Coloplast, which produces medical appliances, is also present in Tatabánya. The electronic industry is represented by FCI Connections, the Sanmina-SCI and many others. Zenon Systems, whichis involved in environmental industry, also has a department for research and development in Tatabánya. The local government pays particular attention to professional training to ensure the required skilled workforce for the companies. As a part of this the Bánki Donát Regional Integrated Training Centre was founded in Tatabánya with a regional function. The economic development activities of the local government are characterised by initiation, fl exibility and adaptation to the trends of global economy. Tatabánya is ready to offer sites for dynamically developing industries and developed technologies. The Housing Estates in Kertváros and the Industrial Park 60 years old city — history of a millennium 17 4.
CULTURE - ARTS
During the 20th century the city and its pre-settlements created many cultural values. The oldest cultural institution, the Népház (Public Building), has been housing a theatre, a cinema and several cultural groups since its inauguration The Jászai Mari Theatre 60 years old city — history of a millennium 18 (1917). The Jászai Mari Theatre has been operating in this building since 1991. The building has just been renovated. Although, it has no permanent company, numerous independent performances and plays are presented there by means of the creation of a “virtual” company besides the various programmes of the theatrical season.There are several community centres to accommodate local communities; the biggest of them is the Public Community Centre (Közművelődés Háza), which was inaugurated in the 80’s. In Bánhida the Puskin Community Centre undertook the keeping of Slovakian traditions, while in the community centres of Alsógalla and Felsőgalla the German traditions are preserved.
Barbershop in the Industrial Skanzen 60 years old city — history of a millennium 19 The Mining Community Centre of Kertváros accommodates spontaneous handcrafts groups and organises art clubs. Besides these centres community homes are established one after the other in the new housing estates to accommodate local organisations. Public collections also play a determining role in the education of residents. The City Library has its seat in Népház, while the Attila József County Library welcomes its readers in Újváros with its remarkable collection and services. The City Archives is in the building of the Service House of Felsőgalla, where it collects and maintains records of the city and its neighbourhood, and assists scientifi c researchers in their work. The visitors can follow the development of the pre-settlements from the fi rst archaeological fi ndings to the establishment of the city in the City Museum of Tatabánya. The Industrial Skanzen is part of this museum. As a unique institution in Europe it plays a vital role in presenting the lifestyle of the miners and preserving mining Shaft No. XV in the Industrial Skanzen Miners’ Day Festival in the Industrial Skanzen 60 years old city — history of a millennium 20 heritage. Apart from the cultural institutions and public collections there are several sport facilities in Tatabánya (swimming pool, ice-skating rink, sports hall, camping site etc.) the development of which started these days. All these institutions provide cultural, sports and recreational opportunities for the citizens of Tatabánya. Several values were produced in the cultural and art life of the city before 1945, but new ones are still created. The famous cultural groups of the county seat like the Miners’ Brass Band of Tatabánya, the Symphony Orchestra, the Miners’ Folk Dance Group and the Miners’ Fine Arts Club began their work in Népház. These groups are still active today. Among the lately established ensembles the Seasons Chamber Orchestra has acquired fame. The wood-carver, the metalsculptor and the photo camps are worth mentioning among the art camps. These are organised every summer in Works of Metal-sculptors
Brass band of miners at the beginning of the last century Festival Brass Band of Tatabánya „Bányász” Folk Dance Group 60 years old city — history of a millennium 21 Endre Ady by Miklós Melocco Ferenc Rákóczi II. by Tamás Gaál 60 years old city — history of a millennium 22 the developing contemporary art centreof the Industrial Skanzen, the “Voicebath”. The various exhibitions of the Gallery of Contemporary Artists play a signifi cant role in the development of visual culture. Amongst others the yearly “In Memoriam” series and the exhibitions of the emigrated artists of the city have to be emphasized. The system of the big city festivals has developed recently. Besides the social anniversaries and the festivals on Miners’ Day, cultural and art events like the Saint Stephen Days and Saint Barbara Days play a more signifi cant role. The outdoor works of fine arts determine the image of the city. Besides the monuments of the two world wars some others are worth mentioning, like the older sculpture of Endre Ady by Miklós Melocco, the Saint Barbara sculpture and the “Tree of Life” by László Péterfy, the Martyr monument by István Marosits, and the newer busts of Ferenc Rákóczi II. by Tamás Gaál, Saint Stephen by László Varkoly, Imre Nagy by Iván Paulikovics, Béla Makk by László Szunyogh, and the art pieces of Viktor Lois in the area of the “Voicebath”. World War Monument by Géza Nausch in Bánhida 60 years old city — history of a millennium 23
5. MONUMENTS – BUILT HERITAGE
Tatabánya is a young city. Therefore, it has only a few old buildings to show to its visitors. The registry of monuments of County Komárom-Esztergom from 2006 lists only fi ve monuments in Tatabánya. As the development of its pre-settlements
Building of the Jászai Mari Theatre Casino of Mining Offi cers 60 years old city — history of a millennium 24 lasted till the end of the 18th Century, the oldest buildings were built at that time. The Roman Catholic Church in Alsógalla is a typical monument of the late baroque age; its architect was Jakab Fellner. The Roman Catholic Church of Felsőgalla, which was also built in late baroque style is a monument, too. The Roman Catholic Vicarage of Bánhida built in baroque style is presumably another work of Jakab Fellner. The Roman Catholic Church of this site was built by count Miklós Ferenc Eszterházy according to the plans of Adolf Feszty. They built it upon the former temple of the 18th century.The architect of the Lapatári Mill was Jakab Fellner, too. It was built in 1753. The Turul Monument above the city is the tourist attraction of Tatabánya. Its creator, Gyula Donáth was entrusted with this artistic work in 1896, however, the statue was only inaugurated in 1907. The Turul Bird was also in-Lapatári Mil The Casino at the Power Plant with the Water Tower 60 years old city — history of a millennium 25 corporated into the new coat of arms of Tatabánya as the symbol of the city after the political changes. The image of the city is determined by a few other buildings, which were not ranked as monuments, never theless, they contribute to the diversity of the city. Such buildings are the Jászai Mari Theatre – Népház and the old-time Casino of mining offi cers right opposite, which was built in secessionist style. The highlight of
the Május 1 Park is the Saint Stephen Church with the renewed Saint Imre sculpture next to it. The former town hall of Tatabánya is also an important building. It serves as a post office today. Other important buildings are the buildings of the former mining hospital, the Presbyterian Church of Bánhida, which was built according to the plans of Bálint Szeghalmi in 1939, the former municipality hall of Bánhida, the Casino of the offi cials of the power plant with the old water tower rising above the houses or the County Hall in Újváros, which was built in social-realistic style according to the plans of János Skultéty. Not to mention the fi ne ornamental façade of Pál Zsemle’s former slaughterhouse, and the “old” houses which recall the one-time image of Felsőgalla, Alsógalla and Bánhida. Besides all these buildings the unique monuments of the 110 years of mining can be noted, too.
The County Hall in the 50’s
Gellért Square in Bánhida 60 years old city — history of a millennium 26
6. NATURAL VALUES – WALKING AROUND THE CITY
Tatabánya is situated in a diverse natural environment. It is enclosed by the Gerecse and Vértes Mountains to the north, the east and the south, and it is bordered by the Little Hungarian Plain to the west. The Szelim Cave can be approached from the symbol of Tatabánya, the Turul Monument along a path through the forest. It takes only a short walk to get to the watching tower, which used to be a mining pit tower. Fresh air is ensured by the surrounding vast forests. At the border of the city the Turul Park Forest provides recreational and regenerational opportunities for the citizens. The development of vineyards and weekend gardens is functionally linked to this. The broken, 140 meter high, steep terraced cliffs of the north-south oriented limestone range of Kő Hill are considered to be rare geological formations. The Által stream fl ows through Tatabánya. It is the biggest water catchment area in the region. It is also fed by the water of the Galla stream. Gardens, parks, alleys con- Szelim Cave
The Castle at Várgesztes 60 years old city — history of a millennium 27 tribute to the friendly atmosphere of the city. There is a peaceful parkland next to Népház waiting for those who intend to relax. The Május 1 Park on the opposite side of the building hosts the traditional fair on Miners’ Day. The centre of leisure time activities is the Jubileum Park in Újváros. There is the Millennium Park and the Csónakázó Lake in its neighbourhood. It is surrounded by a nice walking way. Several big city festivals and events are organised here. The roads from the city lead the visitors to rich sights, natural values and monuments in all directions. The hiking ways of the surrounding mountains, the fi shing opportunities provided by those lakes which evolved as a consequence of mining offer good recreation for many people. We turn left to see the Camandolese monastery from the way to Oroszlány at the airport of Kecskéd. It is surrounded by picturesque landscape as well as the ruins of the monastery and the temple at Vértesszentkereszt, which were built in Roman style within the hills of Vértes. It is also worth walking to these places from Tatabánya. The rich fl ora and fauna of the Vértes Mountain still attracts many tourists. We can get to Síkvölgy by bus. The system of artifi cial lakes in thisarea is the paradise of fi sherman. Castle Vitány, which is part of the castle-system of Vértes and which was demolished during the Turkish times, can be reached along an offi cial hiking footway. The hiking pathway leads from here to another member of the castle-system: the castle of Gesztes. It is also possible to have a rest on the way by the Szarvas and Mátyás springs. Further pleasant excursion opportunities are offered by Csákányospuszta and the Mária ravine. The main road No. 1 which intercepts the city provides opportunities for other excursions to Tata via Vértesszőlős. Castle Vitány in Vértes The Parkland 60 years old city — history of a millennium 28
7. PAST AND PRESENT OF SPORTS IN TATABÁNYA
The sport life of the city developed hand in hand with mining. In February 1910 the Tatabánya Sport Club was founded by some football players in the Casino of Junior Mining Offi cers. The club still operates today under this name. The Miners’ SC of Tatabánya was the biggest sports club in the provinces during the second half of the 20th century. The sportsmen of the club achieved several national and international victories. Imre Földi, who received the title of ‘Sportsmen of the Nation’ took part in fi ve Olympic Games and in Munich he became a champion in weightlifting. Our football players: Gusztáv Szepesi, Tibor Csernai and József Gelei also retired as Olympic champions. The football team of Tatabánya won the Central-European Football Cup in 1974 and 1975. Moreover, in 1981 they defeated the legendary team of Real Madrid. The men’s handball team was a four times Hungarian champion. There was no department at the former “Miners” which could not train fi rst class sportsmen and sportswomen. There are eight departments at the club (athletics, wrestling, women handball, boxing, women bowling, hiking and fencing), where mainly the second generation of sportsmen and sportswomen are trained. There are also independent sport associations of football, handball, judo, water-polo, swimming and volleyball in the city. These clubs compete„Gerecse 50” performance tour 60 years old city — history of a millennium 29 in the different classes of the national championships. Besides competitive sports mass sports have always been popular in Tatabánya. There are more than one thousand players in the local small fi eld football championship. There are several amateurs taking part in the local bowling championship and in the periodic competitions of the other departments of the sport club. The fi rst and fi fth most popular performance tours in Hungary start and end in Tatabánya: the Gerecse 50 (50 kilometres) in springtime and the Tatabánya 30 (30 kilometres) in the autumn. The city is gradually improving its sport facilities. The football stadium was renewed recently, where a new artifi cial turf fi eld and a new athletic fi eld was inaugurated. The amateur football players in Jubileum Sports Park also play on synthetic turf. The Imre Földi Sports Stadium which is named after the outstanding weightlifter was renewed recently. Thousands of sportsmen and their fans enjoy the world of sports in the sport facilities of the city. Gyula Grosics playing for „Miners” Sport Club of Tatabánya in the 60’s Imre Földi, the Sportsmen of the Nation 60 years old city — history of a millennium 8.
Main web pages
Betyár Csárda Tatabánya, Kossuth L. u. 51. Tel: +36 34/338-964
Birka Csárda Tatabánya, Csákányospuszta. Tel: +36 34/324-998
Dixie Ételbár Tatabánya, Győri u. 1. Tel: +36 34/337-882 (Konzum üzletközpont). Három Tölgy Kisvendéglő Tatabánya, Feszty u. 138. Tel: +36 34/316-049, +36 34/316-327
Lővér Étterem Tatabánya, Vadász u. Tel: +36 34/311-351
Vadvirág Kisvendéglő Tatabánya, Táncsics M. u. 36. Tel: +36 34/332-584
Vértes Center Tatabánya, Győri u. 7-9. Tel: +36 34/801-401
West Étterem Tatabánya, Népház u. 9. Tel: +36 34/323-014
A Közművelődés Háza Tatabánya, Szent Borbála tér 1. Tel: +36 34/316-644
Puskin Művelődési Ház Tatabánya, Kossuth L. u. Tel: +36 34/332-509
Bányász Művelődési Ház Tatabánya, Hadsereg u. 98. Tel: +36 34/311-639
József Attila Művelődési Ház Tatabánya, Táncsics M. u.63. Tel: +36 34/320-024 KPVDSZ Művelődési Ház Tatabánya, Kós Károly u. 17. Tel: +36 34/311-791
Széchenyi Művelődési Ház Tatabánya, Szent István u. 7. Tel: +36 34/324-335 30 60 years old city — history of a millennium
Museum, City Archives
Tatabányai Múzeum (City Museum) Tatabánya, Szent Borbála tér 1. Tel: +36 34/310-495
Szabadtéri Bányászati Múzeum (Open-Air Mining Museum, Ipari Skanzen (Industrial Skanzen) Tatabánya, Vágóhíd u. Tel: +36 34/311-076
Kortárs Galéria (Galery of Contamporary Arts) (A Közművelődés Háza) Tatabánya, Szent Borbála tér 1. Tel: +36 34/316-644
Városi Levéltár (City Archives) Tatabánya, Szent István út 21. Tel: +36 34/324-310
József Attila Megyei Könyvtár (Attila József County Library) Tatabánya, Fő tér 2. Tel: +36 34/513-670
Városi Könyvtár (City Library) Tatabánya, Népház u. 5. Tel: +36 34/311-593
Jászai Mari Színház (Jászai Mari Theatre), Népház Tatabánya, Népház u. 5. Tel: +36 34/323-655
Vértes Center Palace Tatabánya, Győri u. 7-9. Tel: +36 34/801-401
Bányász Filmszínház Tatabánya, Hadsereg u. 98. Tel: +36 34/311-528
Jolly Joker Utazási Iroda Tatabánya, Fő tér 34. Tel: +36 34/331-113 MOL Travel Utazási Iroda Tatabánya, Fő tér 20. Tel: +36 34/310-900
IBUSZ Utazási Iroda Tatabánya, Fő tér 20. Tel: +36 34/311-947 31 60